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What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are a very common condition characterized by enlarged veins in the rectum. Most often, hemorrhoids are the result of chronic constipation, which can cause people to strain when trying to pass bowels. Hemorrhoids can also be the result of sitting for too long on the toilet, being pregnant, liver disease, or being obese.

What causes hemorrhoids or piles?

Hemorrhoids are most commonly caused by one of the following:

  • Chronic constipation
  • Low fiber diets
  • Straining when trying to pass bowels
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Anal intercourse
  • Sitting on the toilet for long periods

What are hemorrhoids symptoms?

Visit one of our experts at Gotham Gastroenterology if you experience any of the following hemorrhoids symptoms:

  • Red blood on stools
  • Blood on toilet paper
  • Blood in the toilet bowl
  • Pain when going to the bathroom
  • Painful swelling
  • Hard lump near the anus
  • Hard lump protruding from the anus (external hemorrhoids)

What are the most common complications of hemorrhoids?

The most common complications that can result from untreated hemorrhoids include:

  • Strangulated hemorrhoids, which can occur when the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off and causes strangulation of the hemorrhoid and severe pain
  • Anemia, which can occur (rarely) if your hemorrhoids cause chronic blood loss

How do I prevent hemorrhoids?

Use the following tips to prevent hemorrhoids from occurring:

  • Maintain an active lifestyle to help keep your body moving stools
  • Eat plenty of fiber
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Avoid sitting on the toilet for long periods
  • Avoid straining to pass stools
  • Use the restroom as soon as you have the urge

How are hemorrhoids treated at Gotham Gastroenterology in NYC?

One of our hemorrhoid specialists at Gotham Gastroenterology can help diagnose and manage your hemorrhoids. The first line of treatment is usually dietary modifications and medicated creams. If these treatments are not effective, your doctor might recommend one of the following hemorrhoid medical treatments:

For more information or to book an appointment with Gotham Gastroenterology, contact our office at 212-794-0240. Our team of experts strives to provide excellence in gastroenterology for patients in NYC. You can also make an appointment by filling out a form.